Biomass Briquette or white coal Briquettes is a form of fuel produced by drying chopped wood over a fire. It differs from charcoal which is carbonised wood. It produces more heat than green wood. Nowadays Biomass Briquette is made from Groundnut shells, Cotton hulls and salks, Castor seed shells, Forest leaves; wood chips and shavings, Sugarcane bagasse, Rice husk and paddy straw, Mustard waste, Coir dust, Coffee husk, Sunflower waste, Maize stalks, Bajra cobs, Sesame seeds oil cake, Wheat straw, etc.
India is fast becoming a major manufacturer and consumer of Biomass Briquette. A large number of companies have switched their boiler fuels to use Biomass Briquette instead of fossil fuels. The production of Biomass Briquette (Briquettes made of Biomass) using agricultural and forest waste is more common now a days.
|S. No.||Content/ particular||Biomass Briquette (Green Energy)||Coal|
|1||Calorific value||4000 - 4500 K.Cal./Kg||3000 3500 Cal./Kg|
|2||Sulfur||Biomass Briquette is free of sulfur content.
No Health Hazards.
|3||Pollution||Biomass Briquette is pollution free||Icon of Pollution|
|4||Moisture||Very low results high burning efficiency|
|5||Volatile Matter||76.05 %|
|6||Fix Carbon||16.65 %|
|7||Fly Ash content||Biomass Briquette consists only 2 to 7% ash||35 % (Approx.)ash|
|8||Availability||Biomass Briquette is fuel of future.
It would be available in plenty.
|In future would not be Available.|
|9||Fuel used in boiler (lesser cost / better heat result )||Costs lesser than Coal / Saw dust / wood / husk (Bhusa )|
|10||Storage||Easy to store in comparison to Coal / Saw dust / wood / husk (Bhusa)||Storing hazards|
|11||Loading / unloading / Feeding /Combustion||Very Easy in Loading /unloading / Feeding / Combustion||Loading / transportation problem|
|12||Density||Approx. lignite coal|
|13||Environment||No effect on health||Pollutes / Observes oxygen Injurious To Health|
|14||Farmers economy||Making rich to peasants / local employment||Damaging agriculture|
|15||Carbon credit||Attracts credit to the user industry which may either avail self carbon credit benefit, or transfer to polluting Industries under pressure of global warming Authority in exchange of invaluable value.||Icon Briquette|
Industry where Biomass Briquette are used:
|Industry ( which may use )||Industry ( which may use )|
|Gasifier System application||Solvent Extraction Plant|
|Chemical Industries||Cement industries|
|Refractory Industries||Food processing industries|
|Ceramic Industries||Textile Unit|
|Milk plant||Lamination Industries|
|Vegetable plant||Brick making units|
|Spinning Mill||Wood seasoning plant|
|Rubber Industries||Any Industrial Thermal application|